Named after the mythical person winged beast, the Anka is currently undergoing evaluations to become the standard UAV of the Turkish Air Force - working in conjunction with air- and land-based units to form a modernized effective fighting force. The former will be the unarmed reconnaissance-minded variant ala the American MQ-1 Predator whilst the latter will become the armed combat form ala the MQ-9 Reaper. As of this writing , at least five Anka prototypes have been completed with 60 on order for the Turkish Air Force. The Anka was designed and developed by Turkish Aerospace Industries which is also heading up its production.
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Image courtesy of CeeGee. The UAV performed its maiden flight in September and entered serial production in The unmanned aircraft can conduct a range of missions such as real-time intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance ISR , communication relay, target acquisition and tracking. Avionics and flight control The composite structure of Anka-S integrates an indigenously developed fully autonomous flight control computer to provide autonomous waypoint navigation and flight control.
The autonomous system also enables the UAV to automatically return to the pre-defined location in the event of loss of communication with the ground control station.
In the autonomous mode, the onboard flight control computer guides the aircraft to each pre-defined waypoint. In the remote control mode, the UAV is flown by its operator from the ground control station using a digital computer. The satellite terminal also allows the operator to alter the flight path during flight mode. The information acquired by the UAV is transmitted in real-time to the ground control station using a cryptographic data link.
Equipped with automatic take-off and landing systems, the air vehicle can perform emergency landings on unprepared surfaces with the support of tri-cycle landing gear.
The engine, which runs on diesel and JP-8 jet fuel, delivers a maximum power output of hp. A three-blade pusher propeller mounted at the rear provides superior performance at high altitudes. The unmanned aircraft has an endurance of more than 24 hours and can fly at a maximum altitude of 30,ft.
Anka MALE Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
According to the information obtained from C4Defence, the development work on the engine has been completed. The project, signed between the Undersecretariat of Defense Industries SSM and TEI on December 27, , included the development of a turbodiesel aviation engine with superior technical features for use in MALE class unmanned aerial vehicles through the development of domestic facilities. According to the experiments, the 2. The engine produced horsepower at an altitude of 30, feet. At present, the current engine used at ANKA produces horsepower between 0 and 11 thousand feet altitude.
Inverse SAR ISAR The whole composite airframe is composed of a monoblock fuselage, detachable wing and V-Tail, retractable landing gear, redundant control surfaces, avionics and payload bays and service doors. The sandwich skin structure is reinforced by composite or metallic frames, ribs, and supports. Propelled by a pusher type heavy fuel engine, the aircraft is furnished with fuselage fuel tanks and fuel system, ice protection system, environmental control system, lighting system, redundant electrical system with battery backup, and harness system. The platform is also equipped with a digital flight control system, electro-mechanical actuators, and flight control sensor systems such as GPS, pitot-static, air data computer, navigation sensor, transducers, temperature, pressure, displacement sensors, etc. Identification and communication units and interface computers are employed in order to establish real time wide band communication and provide test and diagnostics functions. An air traffic radio is also integrated in the communication system for the integration of the aircraft into the civilian airspace. All flight critical equipment are dual or triple redundant and emergency modes of operational scenarios are taken into consideration for fail safe design.
Anka-S Unmanned Aerial Vehicle