Now in its Third Edition, Isotopes: Principles and Applications has been thoroughly updated, rewritten, reorganized, and expanded to include more than twice the content of its predecessor. Covering radiogenic, radioactive, and stable isotopes, this volume consists of five units that present fundamentals of atomic physics; dating methods for terrestrial and extraterrestrial rocks by means of radiogenic isotopes; geochemistry of radiogenic isotopes; dating by means of U, Th-series and cosmogenic radionuclides; and the fractionation of the stable isotopes of H, C, N, O, and S, as well as Li, B, Si, and Cl. Additionally, this edition provides: Expanded coverage of the U-Pb methods —the most accurate available dating technique Applications to the petrogenesis of igneous rocks Summaries of the use of isotopic data for study of the oceans New examples from the fields of archeology and anthropology Radiation-damage methods of dating including fission tracks, thermoluminescence, and electron spin resonance ESR Information on the dispersal of fission-product radionuclides and the disposal of radioactive waste Extensive chapter-by-chapter problems and solutions Supplemented with summaries and references in each chapter, as well as more than drawings and tables, this volume remains the leading resource in isotope geoscience. Broad applications in many other areas —including geochemistry, geology, meteoritics, physics, chemistry, and biology —make it indispensable throughout the natural sciences.
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About This Product Description Intended as an introduction to Geochemistry for Geology majors in their senior year or first year of graduate work. Designed to show students how to use chemical principles in solving geological problems, this text emphasizes a quantitative approach to problem solving and demonstrates how chemical principles control geologic processes in atomic and large-scale environments.
Features Starts with basic principles and emphasizes quantitative methods of problem-solving. Examines the geochemical processes that affect the chemical composition of surface water and that determine its quality for human consumption. Features diagrams with lengthy captions — effective for both browsing and quick reference review. Provides a book-end compilation of thermodynamic data for a large number of elements and their compounds.
Lists resources for advanced study. Presents the basic facts about the structure and chemical composition of the atmosphere. Offers a long-range forecast of the effects of global warming on a time scale of years based on the work of W. Explains the formation of ozone in the stratosphere and its destruction by anthropogenic emissions of Cl-bearing gases, especially over Antarctica.
Considers the radiation balance of the Earth and the perturbation of this balance by emissions of gases that enhance the absorption of infrared radiation in the atmosphere. NEW—Adds a chapter that summarizes the geochemistry of Pb in the environment and its effect on human health. Table of Contents I. What Is Geochemistry?
Principles of isotope geology
Principles and Applications of Geochemistry