HASSAN ELWAN NEUROLOGY PDF

Malagal No involvement of the ocular muscles. Galvanic stimulation to the facial muscles. Massage of the facial muscles. In the Brain Stem, some of the descending A fibres separate to supply the motor nuclei of the cranial nerves of BOTH sides except the lower! It is an acquired autoimmune disease of the skeletal muscle which may be precipitated by: The pupil is dilated, with no reaction to light. Hypertonia spasticity of the paralysed muscles of clasp-knife type: Prednisolone is used in patients not responding to anticholine esterase drugs; it may produce a remission which may last up to 5 years.

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Zulujar Clinical picture; — In early diabetes or in the pre-diabetic stage, the neuropathy is of the mononeuritic type which may affect the sciatic, femoral, lateral popliteal, ulnar or median nerves or Cr.

Ischaemia of the nerves, 2ry to atherosclerosis of the vasa nervosa. Synthetic Belladonna like alkaloids: Two lateral cerebellar hemispheres. Association fibres between the visual and auditory psychic areas allow the child to correlate between the images he sees and the sounds related to them, e. Ipsilateral loss of pain and temperature sensations over the face.

A lesion results in exaggeration of deep reflexes hyperreflexia below the level of the lesion. Contralateral hemiplegia affecting L. Thus we neurollgy Prostigmine and Mestinon and give them to nwurology patient every 8 hours. Lead pipe or cog wheel. Impulses from the cerebellum and extrapyramidal system share in the production of properly executed speech.

Hypotonia and hyporeflexia of the affected muscles. Hassan Elwan Neurology. Vertebro-basilar insufficiency; any one of the following: The patients present with the manifestations of either: Medical The manifestations of Parkinsonism are due to an imbalance between the levels of acetylcholine and dopamine in the basal ganglia and substantia nigra. In this stage the paraplegia is described as paraplegia in flexion. The posterior limb P. El-toukhy rated it really liked it Dec 31, It is due to an irritative lesion in or near the uncus.

Its main function is the maintenance of muscle tone, it is mainly connected to the spinal cord through the ventral and dorsal spino-cerebellar tracts. This e,wan leads to deficiency of dopamine in the brain.

Paralysis or weakness at the level of the lesion. This is a multiple deficiency disease due to vitamin B complex deficiency specially niacin; this may result from: Affection of the light reflex: Afferent impulses from the retina pass along the normal visual pathway to reach the visual areas in the occipital lobe.

Similarly, if we tap the tongue a dimple is observed due to eelwan relaxation of the muscles. The nerve runs laterally between the 6th and 8th cranial nerves, in the subarachnoid space of the cerebello- pontine angle to enter, through the internal auditory meatus, into the facial canal.

Acute case Prophylactic KC1 I. In the hssan nerve: As sudden laughter or crying is observed in most cases. Its clinical picture is the same as that of transverse myelitis but there is sparing of the deep sensations as the posterior columns of the spinal cord are supplied by the posterior neurloogy artery. In cases where a lesion involves the fifth cervical segment, a pathological reflex, known as the inverted supinator reflex can be elicited and is characterised by: Ipsilateral deep sensory loss.

Cause Pyramidal lesion Pyramidal and extrapyramidal 2. Tectospinal y Extra-pyramidal 5. Sinemett It was found that L-dopa is to some extent decarboxylated in the liver to dopamine before crossing the B. Deficient intake of vit B or of proteins of high biological value containing nicotinic acid or its precursor tryptophan. Difficulty or inability of the formulation of speech, in the absence of lesions of the sense organs or of mental defect.

The deep reflexes are intact. Efferent fibres pass along the oculomotor nerves to the eyes to supply: Usually no treatment is required.

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HASSAN ELWAN NEUROLOGY PDF

Dakora Dr. Hassan Elwan Neurology Postganglionic fibres pass by the short ciliary nerves to the constrictor pupillae muscles. Massage to increase the blood supply to the paralysed muscles. Fever Absent Absent Present 9.

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Dr.Hassan Elwan Neurology.pdf

Fenrigami It originates from centres situated at various levels of C. Be the first to ask a question about Principles of Neurology. Tinnitus, in irritative elqan. Normally, a rise in B. The 3 order neurone the same as in superficial sensations.

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Dr.Hassan Elwan Neurology

Zulujar Clinical picture; — In early diabetes or in the pre-diabetic stage, the neuropathy is of the mononeuritic type which may affect the sciatic, femoral, lateral popliteal, ulnar or median nerves or Cr. Ischaemia of the nerves, 2ry to atherosclerosis of the vasa nervosa. Synthetic Belladonna like alkaloids: Two lateral cerebellar hemispheres. Association fibres between the visual and auditory psychic areas allow the child to correlate between the images he sees and the sounds related to them, e. Ipsilateral loss of pain and temperature sensations over the face. A lesion results in exaggeration of deep reflexes hyperreflexia below the level of the lesion.

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Dr.Hassan Elwan Neurology-www.1aim.net

Gugor State of muscles Pseudohypertrophy of all muscles of the body. It is the commonest cause of CV insufficiency leading to thrombotic lesions of the brain. Lesion of the cochlear division results in: Antiemetics in suppository form Largactil or Primperan and potassium in cases of severe vomiting. Associative fibres pass in the anterior part of AL. Stroke in evolution i.

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