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Karenga and the Circle of Seven established a community organization in the aftermath called US meaning "Us black people". As you know, towards the end, when Malcolm is expanding his concept of Islam, and of nationalism, he stresses Pan-Africanism in a particular way. Karenga created Kwanzaa in [10] to be the first pan-African holiday.

Karenga said his goal was to "give Blacks an alternative to the existing holiday and give Blacks an opportunity to celebrate themselves and their history, rather than simply imitate the practice of the dominant society. Kujichagulia self-determination —To define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves, and speak for ourselves.

Ujamaa cooperative economics —To build and maintain our own stores, shops, and other businesses and to profit from them together. Nia purpose —To make our collective vocation the building and development of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness.

Kuumba creativity —To do always as much as we can, in the way we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it. Imani faith —To believe with all our heart in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders, and the righteousness and victory of our struggle. Criminal conviction and imprisonment[ edit ] In , Karenga was sentenced to one to ten years in prison on counts of felonious assault and imprisonment.

The woman described having been stripped and beaten with an electrical cord. A May 14, , article in the Los Angeles Times described the testimony of one of the women: Deborah Jones, who once was given the Swahili title of an African queen, said she and Gail Davis were whipped with an electrical cord and beaten with a karate baton after being ordered to remove their clothes.

Karenga, head of US, also put detergent and running hoses in their mouths, she said. They also were hit on the heads with toasters. The US Organization fell into disarray during his absence and was disbanded in After he petitioned several black state officials to support his parole on fair sentencing grounds, it was granted in Later in his career, in , he was awarded a second Ph.

Karenga called on African Americans to adopt his secular humanism and reject other practices as mythical Karenga , pp. He is also known for having co-hosted, in , a conference that gave rise to the Association for the Study of Classical African Civilizations, and in , he sat on the organizing committee and authored the mission statement of the Million Man March.


Introduction to Black studies


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