Life[ edit ] John Bulwer was born in London in and continued to work and live in the city until his death in October when he was buried in St Giles in the Fields , Westminster. On her death in John Bulwer inherited some property in St Albans from which he derived a small income. His known friends had nearly all been educated there and he supported William Laud and the High Church party during the Civil War. In he married a woman known only as the "Widow of Middleton" who predeceased him. Later in life Bulwer would adopt a girl named Chirothea Johnson, and, as he states in his will "bred her up from a child as my own". She may have been deaf.
|Published (Last):||3 May 2005|
|PDF File Size:||3.15 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.18 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Life[ edit ] John Bulwer was born in London in and continued to work and live in the city until his death in October when he was buried in St Giles in the Fields , Westminster. On her death in John Bulwer inherited some property in St Albans from which he derived a small income. His known friends had nearly all been educated there and he supported William Laud and the High Church party during the Civil War.
In he married a woman known only as the "Widow of Middleton" who predeceased him. Later in life Bulwer would adopt a girl named Chirothea Johnson, and, as he states in his will "bred her up from a child as my own". She may have been deaf. All his written works were created between and until around In total Bulwer published five works, all of which were either early examples or the first of their kind. Chirologia: or the naturall language of the hand. Composed of the speaking motions, and discoursing gestures thereof.
Whereunto is added Chironomia: or, the art of manuall rhetoricke. Consisting of the naturall expressions, digested by art in the hand, as the chiefest instrument of eloquence. London: Thomas Harper. Although issued as a single volume Chirologia and Chironomia have different pagination. Bulwer always referred to them as separate works but over time they have come to be seen as a single volume.
Francis Bacon had described gestures as "Transient Hieroglyphics" and suggested that Gesture should be the focus of a new scientific enquiry, Bulwer was the first to undertake the task.
For Bulwer Gesture was a universal character of Reason. In fact the book only mentions the deaf in passing. The handshapes described in Chirologia are still used in British Sign Language. Chirologia is a compendium of manual gestures, citing their meaning and use from a wide range of sources; literary, Religious and Medical. Chironomia is a manual for the effective use of Gesture in public speaking. Philocophus[ edit ] Frontispiece engraving from Philocophus showing a deaf man "hearing" music by bone conduction through the teeth.
Philocophus: or, the deafe and dumbe mans friend. Exhibiting the philosophicall verity of that subtile art, which may inable one with an observant eie, to heare what any man speaks by the moving of his lips. To persuade these "knowing men" of "the philosophical verity of this Art" the education of the deaf he sets out in this volume to explain the theory and empirical evidence for its possibility.
As well as drawing heavily on this account, he also collects information about deaf people living in Britain at that time. Being an Essay to a new Method of observing the most important movings of the Muscles of the Head, as they are the neerest and Immediate Organs of the Voluntarie or Impetuous motions of the Mind. With the Proposall of a new Nomenclature of the Muscles. London: Humphrey Moseley. A system in which muscles would be named after the passions they were used to express.
The other observation of Duchenne that Bulwer foreshadowed was that the contraction of the orbicularis oculi the muscle encircling the eye accompanies genuine smiles of happiness but does not occur in deceptive or non-joyful smiles. London: J. First in , the second edition of was much enlarged and illustrated with woodcuts. A third edition "printed for the use and benefit of Thomas Gibbs, gent" was a reissue of the second edition retitled "A view of the People of the whole World".
It could be seen as another work influenced by Francis Bacon, an Anomatia Comparata, a comparison of all the peoples of the world, and in its attack on the cosmetic it does echo Bacon. It is one of the first studies in comparative cultural anthropology  albeit with a strong tone of social commentary, "Almost every Nation having a particular whimzey as touching corporall fashions of their own invention" page 5 , Bulwer describes how people modify their bodies and clothes but later commentators have interpreted this ostensible apolitical work as a coded piece of political theory.
Although Bulwer does not make any direct reference to the political events in England his approach to the monstrous body echoes the themes of the polemical literature of the time, especially in its focus on the head. The main body of the text consists of 23 sections, of which 15 are concerned with deformations or modifications to the head or face. He writes: Until now obeying the sacred impulse of the genius operating upon our intellectual complexion, while my mind was carrying me into new things, I executed works not of supererogation, but supplemental to the advancement of sciences.
In which I seem to have merited something from the republec of letters i. Literary public : "Of the making of many books there is no end, and the reading of them is a weariness to the flesh" Eccles xii.
Other things will be done by other lovers of human nature. Held under Sloane at the British Library. The other manuscript held is entitled Vultispex criticus, seu physiognomia medici. A manuscript on Physiognomy. There are also a selection of works that are now lost including one study, entitled Glossiatrus, on speech disorders and another, Otiatrus on hearing disorders.
John Bulwer and his Italian sources. In Mirko Tavoni Ed. John Bulwer — and the significance of gesture in 17th-century theories of language and cognition. Towards a universal language of motion: Reflections on a 17th century muscle man.
In Science, Medicine and History: essays on the evolution of scientific thought and medical practice written in honour of Charles Singer, 2, ed.
Vull The main body of the text consists of 23 sections, of which 15 are concerned with deformations or modifications to the head or face. All his written works were created between and until around Sign language may be as coarsely expressed as mere grimaces, shrugs, or pointings; or it may employ a delicately…. Other things will be done by other lovers of human nature. Engraving of John Bulwer by William Faithorne. Bulwer examined the ways in which people from different cultures transformed the human body, such as through tattooing, circumcisionor ear piercing.
JOHN BULWER CHIROLOGIA PDF