Click to print Opens in new window If you prefer to listen to this post, click the player below: Of all reading programs, Orton-Gillingham has the most research to support its effectiveness with dyslexic learners. At the end of the post, you can download a free OG reading lesson planner complete with instructions for how to use it. Organizing an Orton-Gillingham Reading Lesson The order of your lessons should be the same each session. A lesson plan should typically include the following five parts: Part 1: Review Review is critical to the success of any OG reading program. Kids with dyslexia need a LOT of review, therefore building a routine of review into every lesson is critical for making progress.
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What is the Orton-Gillingham Approach? It is most properly understood and practiced as an approach, not a method, program, or system. In the hands of a well-trained and experienced instructor, it is a powerful tool of exceptional breadth, depth, and flexibility. The Approach is so named because of the foundational and seminal contributions of Samuel T. Orton and Anna Gillingham. Samuel Torrey Orton was a neuropsychiatrist and pathologist. He was a pioneer in focusing attention on reading failure and related language processing difficulties.
He brought together neuroscientific information and principles of remediation. As early as he had identified the syndrome of dyslexia as an educational problem. Anna Gillingham was a gifted educator and psychologist with a superb mastery of the language. Encouraged by Dr. Orton, she compiled and published instructional materials as early as the s which provided the foundation for student instruction and teacher training in what became known as the Orton-Gillingham Approach.
The Orton-Gillingham Approach is most often associated with a one-on-one teacher-student instructional model. Its use in small group instruction is not uncommon. A successful adaptation of the Approach has demonstrated its value for classroom instruction.
Reading, spelling and writing difficulties have been the dominant focus of the Approach although it has been successfully adapted for use with students who exhibit difficulty with mathematics. The Orton-Gillingham Approach always is focused upon the learning needs of the individual student. Orton-Gillingham OG practitioners design lessons and materials to work with students at the level they present by pacing instruction and the introduction of new materials to their individual strengths and weaknesses.
Students with dyslexia need to master the same basic knowledge about language and its relationship to our writing system as any who seek to become competent readers and writers. However, because of their dyslexia, they need more help than most people in sorting, recognizing, and organizing the raw materials of language for thinking and use. Language elements that non-dyslexic learners acquire easily must be taught directly and systematically.
OG Academic Math - The Orton Gillingham Math Approach
It has been proven to be effective for more than 80 years. While other phonics and basal programs may impact decoding skills, O-G is structured to support spelling, vocabulary, and comprehension. O-G recognizes that reading and spelling are interrelated and works to connect reading, spelling, writing and oral language. Based on the best teaching practices, O-G provides a structured and sequential format moving from concrete to abstract and from simple to complex. These characteristics make the Orton-Gillingham method applicable to ALL students including those with dyslexia and English Language Learners as well as ALL subjects — science, math, social studies, etc. And while expertise comes with practice and continued training, data has proven that Ron Yoshimoto has developed a hugely successful program that works for students and teachers. Yoshimoto O-G is appropriate for classrooms, small groups, and teaching individuals.
Orton-Gillingham Reading Lesson & Free Printable Planner