PLEUROTUS PULMONARIUS PDF

Edit This species is broadly adaptive, producing mushrooms on a great array of organic debris. The substrate materials proven to result in the greatest yields are the cereal wheat, rice straws, hardwood sawdusts, corn stalks, sugar cane bagasse, coffee waste, pulp mill sludge, cotton waste, and numerous other agricultural and forest waste by-products. In their studies, yields peeked when a combination of wheat straw, alfalfa, and delayed release nutrients were employed. Alfalfa hay, as any compost maker knows, is considered "hot" because of its elevated, nitrogen component.

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In the laboratory, Pleurotus pulmonarius cannot "mate" with the other species in the oyster complex, so it is a good biological species. It also represents a fairly distinct morphological species, since it is paler and frequently smaller than the brownish Pleurotus ostreatus and appears to develop more of a stem, more of the time.

DNA evidence supports Pleurotus pulmonarius as a phylogenetic species and, to top it all off, there is an ecological difference: it appears in warmer weather, appearing from late April through September, while Pleurotus ostreatus favors cold-weather conditions and appears from October through early April.

Pleurotus populinus is also virtually identical, but it grows only on the wood of Populus species aspens and cottonwoods. Pleurotus pulmonarius will grow on the wood of virtually any hardwood, including aspens and cottonwoods--in which case the larger spores of Pleurotus populinus will help separate the species. Description: Ecology: Saprobic ; growing in shelf-like clusters on dead and living wood of hardwoods; causing a white rot; late spring through September; apparently widely distributed in North America.

The illustrated and described collections are from Illinois, Missouri, and Kentucky. Cap: 3—10 cm across; convex, becoming flat or somewhat depressed; lung-shaped hence its Latin name to fan-shaped or semicircular in outline—or nearly circular if growing on the tops of logs; somewhat greasy when young and fresh; fairly bald; whitish to beige or pale tan, usually without dark brown colorations; fading as it dries out, often resulting in a two-toned appearance; the margin inrolled when young, later wavy and sometimes very finely lined.

Gills: Running down the stem; close or nearly distant; short-gills frequent; whitish; sometimes discoloring yellowish with age.

Stem: Sometimes absent or rudimentary, but often present; 1—4 cm long and 0. Flesh: Thick; white; unchanging when sliced. Odor and Taste : Odor distinctive but hard to describe "like oyster mushrooms" works well, but makes for a circular description ; taste mild. Chemical Reactions : KOH on cap surface orangish. Spore Print : Whitish, grayish, or lilac. Hymenial cystidia not found.

Guzman et al. Kuo , EIU This site contains no information about the edibility or toxicity of mushrooms.

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pleurotus pulmonarius

In the laboratory, Pleurotus pulmonarius cannot "mate" with the other species in the oyster complex, so it is a good biological species. It also represents a fairly distinct morphological species, since it is paler and frequently smaller than the brownish Pleurotus ostreatus and appears to develop more of a stem, more of the time. DNA evidence supports Pleurotus pulmonarius as a phylogenetic species and, to top it all off, there is an ecological difference: it appears in warmer weather, appearing from late April through September, while Pleurotus ostreatus favors cold-weather conditions and appears from October through early April. Pleurotus populinus is also virtually identical, but it grows only on the wood of Populus species aspens and cottonwoods. Pleurotus pulmonarius will grow on the wood of virtually any hardwood, including aspens and cottonwoods--in which case the larger spores of Pleurotus populinus will help separate the species. Description: Ecology: Saprobic ; growing in shelf-like clusters on dead and living wood of hardwoods; causing a white rot; late spring through September; apparently widely distributed in North America. The illustrated and described collections are from Illinois, Missouri, and Kentucky.

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Pleurotus pulmonarius

Description[ edit ] The caps may be laterally attached with no stem. If there is a stem, it is normally eccentric and the gills are decurrent along it. The term pleurotoid is used for mushrooms having this general shape. Where hyphae meet, they are joined by clamp connections. Pleurotus is not considered to be a bracket fungus , and most of the species are monomitic with a soft consistency. However, remarkably, Pleurotus dryinus can sometimes be dimitic , meaning that it has additional skeletal hyphae, which give it a tougher consistency like bracket fungi.

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Pleurotus ostreatus

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