Introductory Notes Drawing. Binders: how they work; the characteristic appearances of different types. Adhesion of materials to surfaces: importance of fresh paint. Balanced formulas. Color stability.
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Introductory Notes Drawing. Binders: how they work; the characteristic appearances of different types. Adhesion of materials to surfaces: importance of fresh paint. Balanced formulas. Color stability. Permanence of paintings. Homemade materials. Quality in ready-made supplies. Modern paint technology. Choice among tube colors. Historical notes: review of materials and methods of the various periods in art; origins of traditional painting processes.
Records and documents. The development of new techniques and the re-creation of traditional effects. Pigments A note of caution. What they are. Body color and glaze. Requirements for a paint pigment. Classifications, general characteristics, types, grades, and properties. Reduced pigments. Mass tone and undertone. A catalog descriptive list of pigments arranged alphabetically. A list of ASTM approved pigments with descriptions and specifications. Permanent palettes of traditional pigments for the various techniques of painting.
Additional information on the pigments in general use, matching of color. Permanence of pigments. Restricted palettes. Variation in hues of tube colors. Color as a tool of technique. Lead poisoning. Pigment testing and refining. Color and light; optical effects, theories, and definitions. Oil Painting Its universal popularity; comparison with other methods; advantages and defects.
What paint is; function of the vehicle. Drying oils, various kinds, and types, their selection. Oil colors, how and why they are ground. Properties, oil absorption of pigments, reactions between pigment and oil, additions of other ingredients. Hand-ground colors. Paint tubes. Fine grinding. Painting in oil; coarse textures; mat finish. Structure of paint films. Repellent surfaces. Retarding of drying. Painting over old canvases. Simple rules for permanence.
Defects in paintings and their causes. Varnishes, what they are, how made, various types, their uses; home manufacture. Natural resins, descriptions of the various kinds. Synthetic resins. Flat and mat varnishes. Inspection of oils and varnishes.
Driers, their properties, behavior, and use. Glazes and glazing; requirements, uses, formulation, and application. Painting mediums of the past. Acrylics History and description. Colors based on synthetic resins; polymer colors. Component systems. Special effects in polymer painting. Straight acrylic colors. Tempera Painting Definition, description, characteristics, comparison with oil painting. Tempera vehicles, emulsions. Egg tempera, preparation, handling, and brushwork.
Egg and oil emulsions. Gum tempera. Wax emulsions. Oil soluble emulsions. Casein emulsions. Tempera techniques; mixed techniques. Ready-made materials. Grounds for Oil and Tempera Painting Grounds and supports. Canvas, oil grounds, their materials, properties, and application. Wooden panels. Various types and brands of wallboards.
Gesso grounds, their nature, properties, defects, and methods of manufacture. Emulsion grounds. Colored grounds. Miscellaneous supports and grounds.
Watercolor and Gouache Watercolor and gouache defined and described. Watercolor paints. Homemade colors; vehicle for watercolor and gouache. Transparent watercolors. Painting techniques. Gouache: its materials and uses. Recipes for gouache colors. Pastel Nature of the process, its characteristics, permanence, advantages, and disadvantages.
Homemade crayons. Painting in pastels. Care of the pictures. Encaustic Painting Its status, current revival, materials, and methods of painting. Equipment, procedures, and variations. Mural Painting The mural character. Technical requirements. Fresco painting, the process. Its durability under prevailing destructive conditions; its properties and advantages.
Historical notes. Procedures; the wall, lime plaster, mortar, application, defects, and some notes on painting. Secco and variations. Painting in oil on walls, various methods and procedures. Mural canvases.
Ralph mayer artist handbook download
Feb 17, Joshua rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: Serious artists working in paint Shelves: reference-books As near a "complete reference book" can be. This is a technical reference book not a "how to guide", but covers innumerable artistic disciplines, the bulk taken up by: Oil Painting, Pigments, Solvents and Gums, Basic Chemistry, Artwork Conservation Issues, Studio devices and tools for the painter. Its left wanting in a few major area - principally of sculpting and Installation art. Which is obviously a subject so vast and varied as to require volumed editions unto itself: Drafting and As near a "complete reference book" can be. Which is obviously a subject so vast and varied as to require volumed editions unto itself: Drafting and engineering, construction, understanding of complex materials; resins, fiberglass, plastics, glass, clay, electronics and of course "new media". These well overextend the areas covered by this book, though its hardly a drawback.
The Mayer Ralph : Artist'S Handbook (Fifth Edition)
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